1 Has twice the population of Bahrain, and half that of Kyrgyzstan.
2 Is roughly half the size of the Netherlands, but twice as large as Lebanon.
3 Its highest point is 1,085m.
4 Total coastline length is 2,704km.
5 Has more castles per square mile than any European country.
Get the best of Geographical delivered straight to your inbox by signing up to our weekly newsletter and get a free collection of eBooks!