Our directory of things of interest

University Directory

ON THIS DAY: 1915, Endurance trapped in pack ice

ON THIS DAY: 1915, Endurance trapped in pack ice Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)
18 Jan
2015
After over a month of sailing through pack ice, Shackleton and the Endurance became trapped just one day from their Antarctic destination

Endurance set sail from South Georgia on 5 December 1914, on the officially titled Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Two days later the ship hit pack ice and for the next six weeks made slow progress, edging ever closer to Antarctica. On 18 January 1915 they hit thick ice, and Shackleton decided to wait for a gap to emerge before continuing onwards. However, water froze around the ship overnight, trapping it in the pack ice.

After a few days, Shackleton realised he and his crew would be forced to wait until the Antarctic spring, many months away, for the ice to thaw.

Shackleton WEB

This scene was described vividly by expedition photographer Frank Hurley in his diary: ‘It is beyond conception, even to us, that we are dwelling on a colossal ice raft, with but five feet of water separating us from 2,000 fathoms of ocean and drifting along under the caprices of wind and tides, to heaven knows where.’

Until 28 February 2016, the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) hosts the exhibition ‘The Enduring Eye: The Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley’, to celebrate the centenary of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914–17) led by Sir Ernest Shackleton – better known today as the Endurance expedition.

The Enduring Eye – a new book collecting the newly-digitised images from the expedition – is now on sale via the Syon Publishing store.

Related items

NEVER MISS A STORY - Follow Geographical on Social

Want to stay up to date with breaking Geographical stories? Join the thousands following us on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram and stay informed about the world.